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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

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Updating this privacy statement

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Thematic reports

 

Marc De Vos (June 2007)

Publication date: 4 June 2007. Topics

Marc De Vos (juin 2007)

Publication date: 4 June 2007. Topics

Marc De Vos (Juni 2007)

Publication date: 4 June 2007. Topics

Timo Makkonen (November 2006)

Publication date: 5 November 2006. Topics

Rikki Holtmaat (March 2006)

Publication date: 2 March 2006. Topics

Rikki Holtmaat (mars 2006)

Publication date: 2 March 2006. Topics

Rikki Holtmaat (März 2006)

Publication date: 2 March 2006. Topics

Christa Tobler (June 2005)

Publication date: 14 June 2005. Topics

Christa Tobler (Juni 2005)

Publication date: 14 June 2005. Topics

Colm O'Cinneide (April 2005)

Publication date: 5 April 2005. Topics

Colm O'Cinneide (avril 2005)

Publication date: 5 April 2005. Topics

Olivier De Schutter (February 2005)

Publication date: 8 February 2005. Topics

Olivier De Schutter (février 2005)

Publication date: 8 February 2005. Topics

Olivier De Schutter (Februar 2005)

Publication date: 8 February 2005. Topics

Comparative analyses

The comparative analyses provide a summary of the state of affairs of non-discrimination and gender equality law in the 27 EU Member States, Albania, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Turkey and United Kingdom. The analyses give an overview of the key issues, include the latest and most important legal developments at the national level such as case law and legislative amendments, and illustrate and assess the evolution of non-discrimination and gender equality law.  

No documents found.

Law reviews

This first issue of the 2021 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments in the field of gender equality and non-discrimination across Europe from 1 July to 31 December 2020.

It furthermore contains four in-depth analytical articles. The first article, by equality and non-discrimination consultant Niall Crowley, explores the independent assistance competences of equality bodies, with a particular focus on the Belgian, Croatian and Estonian equality bodies. The second article, by Ulrike Spangenberg from the German Institute for Gender-Equality-Based Practices and Strategies, examines tax policies in the EU from a gender equality perspective. The third article, by Elaine Dewhurst of the University of Manchester and coordinator for the ground of age for the EELN, analyses the existing protections against discrimination for the self-employed within EU law and the national law of Germany, Ireland and Sweden. The final article is authored by Jean Jacqmain, former gender equality expert for Belgium for the EELN, and Nathalie Wuiame, current gender equality expert for Belgium for the EELN. The article evaluates, from a gender equality perspective, two recently adopted directives concerning transparency, EU Directive 2019/11521 and EU Directive 2019/1937.

To receive hard copies of the European equality law review and be added to our mailing list to automatically receive future issues, please visit our order page

No documents found.

Publications

Law reviews

This first issue of the 2021 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments in the field of gender equality and non-discrimination across Europe from 1 July to 31 December 2020.

Most recent publication:

European equality law review No. 1 | 2021

Cover image of European equality law review

Published:
August 2021

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More European equality law reviews

Thematic reports

The thematic reports published by the Network provide an in-depth analysis of a variety of themes in the non-discrimination and/or gender equality field. The thematic reports for 2020 are Indirect sex discrimination in employment, author Jule Mulder; Algorithmic discrimination in Europe: challenges and opportunities for gender equality and non-discrimination law, authors Janneke Gerards and Raphaële Xenidis; Age discrimination law outside the employment field, author Elaine Dewhurst; Sexual orientation discrimination law outside the labour market, author Peter Dunne.

Most recent publication:

Algorithmic discrimination in Europe Challenges and opportunities for gender equality and non-discrimination law

Cover image of Algorithmic discrimination in Europe

Published:
2020

Janneke Gerards and Raphaële Xenidis

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More thematic reports

Comparative analyses

Most recent publications:

A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2020

Cover image of A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2020

Published: Mei 2021

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A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2020

Cover image of A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2020

Published: February 2021

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More comparative analyses

Links

European Commission, DG Justice and Consumers
Tackling discrimination: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/index_en.htm
Gender equality: https://ec.europa.eu/info/policies/justice-and-fundamental-rights/gender-equality_en

European Court of Justice
http://curia.europa.eu

European Court of Human Rights
http://www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home

European Committee of Social Rights
http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/socialcharter/ecsr/ecsrdefault_EN.asp

Equinet - European network of equality bodies
If you consider that you have been a victim or a witness of an act of discrimination we would suggest that you contact the national equality body in your country of residence via the following link: https://equineteurope.org/members-map/ 

More information is available here: https://equineteurope.org/what-are-equality-bodies/european-directory-of-equality-bodies/

FRA - European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
http://fra.europa.eu/en


 

About us

The European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, established in December 2014, combines two previously existing networks: the European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field and the European Network of Legal Experts in the field of Gender Equality.

The gender equality network has a long history. It started in 1983, focussing on the implementation at national level of the series of directives that have been adopted since 1975 on equal treatment between women and men and on the cases on sex discrimination decided by the Court of Justice. With its experienced experts the network assisted the Commission in its task to monitor the correct implementation of the gender equality acquis communautaire. In 1983, only 6 Member States were participating in this network, in contrast to the 36 countries that are now included in the network.

The network of legal experts on non-discrimination was established in 2004 with the main aim to provide the Commission with independent advice on all the grounds of discrimination covered by Directive 2000/43/EC and Directive 2000/78/EC. The network was a follow-up to three separate networks, one of which dealt with racial or ethnic origin and religion or belief, one with disability and one with sexual orientation.

After a period of increasingly closer cooperation during the years 2012 - 2014 the gender equality and the non-discrimination networks merged into the current network covering all discrimination grounds in the EU Treaties.

The network ensures a regular overview of state of affairs regarding the transposition of EU equality and non-discrimination law on a country by country basis in the annual country reports and comparative analyses, whereas more recent reporting can be found in the legal developments section of the website and the key developments section of the bi-annual European Equality Law Review. Topical issues are addressed in article in the Equality Law Review and thematic reports that are published on the website and presented and discussed during the annual legal seminar.

The overall operation of the network is governed by Human European Consultancy, the School of Law of Utrecht University and the Migration Policy Group.

General coordination - Human European Consultancy

Position Name Email
General Coordinator Jos Kösters
Project manager for non-discrimination Ivette Groenendijk
Project manager for gender equality Yvonne van Leeuwen-Lohde
Project management assistant Rebecca van Midden

Coordination gender equality - Utrecht University

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator gender equality Linda Senden
Content coordinator for gender equality law Alexandra Timmer
Research editor gender equality law Franka van Hoof
Research editor gender equality law Birte Böök

Coordination non-discrimination - Migration Policy Group

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator non-discrimination law Isabelle Chopin
Research editor non-discrimination law Catharina Germaine

Executive committee of senior experts

Position Name Email
Racial or ethnic origin Lilla Farkas
Age Elaine Dewhurst
Religion or belief Isabelle Rorive
Gender equality law Susanne Burri
Sexual orientation Peter Dunne
Disability Lisa Waddington
EU and human rights law Christopher McCrudden
Social security Frans Pennings
EU law and expertise on sex, gender identity and gender expression in relation to trans and intersex people Christa Tobler

 

Legal developments

Whether Hungary’s plans to prevent courts from imposing pecuniary compensation for fundamental rights violations in education are in compliance with the EU acquis

Whether damages are payable to individual victims of educational segregation to compensate for the disadvantages they suffered as a result of the segregation

With the closure of all schools and child-care centres during the COVID-19 pandemic, many parents were forced to stay at home in order to look after their children. The Government set up a Parent Benefit for parents employed in the private sector of Malta, with children under 16 years of age, who were not able to work from home and who due to the impact of COVID-19, after 8 March 2020 could not go to work to take care of their children

Measures taken in the context of COVID-19 have affected vulnerable groups in a particularly negative way

On 30 April 2020, the Polish Parliament passed legislation amending the Code of Civil Procedure and some other acts, providing for the possibility of the police issuing an order for the perpetrator of violence to leave the premises occupied together with the victim, without the need to initiate criminal proceedings

Publication date: 17 June 2020. Topics

Liechtenstein Government decided to sign the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 26 May 2020

Implementation of policies and measures concerning the equality and inclusion of Roma living in marginalised communities

Caring benefits more generous during COVID 19 quarantine

The legality of the conditions of eviction of illegal camp occupied by a Roma family

Discrimination against tenants on the basis of their actual or perceived nationality

Monitoring of discrimination cases concerning public and private sector on behalf of the competent Equality Body

Significant increase of domestic violence against women during the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic

Survivor’s right to tell the story v. perpetrator’s honour and dignity

Female salaried lawyers not entitled to adequate maternity allowance in breach of Article 11(2)(b) Directive 92/85/EEC due to the non-adoption of the Single Benefits Regulation by the general social security scheme ‘EFKA’ since 01.01.2017

Relocation of the Office of the Government Plenipotentiary for Equal Treatment within the governmental administrative structure: from the Chancellery of the Prime Minister to the Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy

Among anti-COVID-19 measures, the government introduced recommended and mandatory time slots for grocery shopping for persons defined by age and disability

Whether the contents and implementation of equal opportunity plans adopted by certain employers can be examined and assessed by the Equal Treatment Authority

In the context of the state of emergency the Government extends the mandate of the NCCD Steering Board members by means of Emergency Ordinance

Concept of discrimination and personal autonomy

Sexual harassment and assault in the workplace

Gender division of labour

Publication date: 13 May 2020. Topics

Fathers take parental leave and mothers stay at home

Employment and working conditions – parental benefits Strengthening the rights of father’s parental benefits

Αward of bonus points to candidate seasonal firefighters who have served in the army or in other corps to which women have no or only limited access

Publication date: 30 April 2020. Topics

The Education Bill explicitly introduces equal treatment and non-discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, disability, age, illness, religion or belief, sexual orientation or gender identity

The wearing of a beard interpreted as a religious sign in the public service

Testing of discrimination in access to employment of persons of North African origin and living in specific geographical areas

Limits to the obligation to implement reasonable accommodations in employment

Publication date: 30 April 2020. Topics

Indirect discrimination upon returning from parental leave

Publication date: 15 April 2020. Topics

 Annual report of the national equality body for 2019

Home

Welcome!

In order to effectively promote equality and tackle discrimination in the European Union it is important to understand the effects of the EU's equal treatment and non-discrimination legislation.

The European Commission therefore set up the former network of legal experts in gender equality and the network on non-discrimination to support its work by providing independent information and advice on relevant developments in the Member States. The two networks were merged in December 2014 and are now jointly managed by Human European Consultancy, the Migration Policy Group (MPG) and Utrecht University (UU) on behalf of the European Commission.

A primary task of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination is to provide reliable, expert information to enable the Commission to fulfil their role as guardian of the treaties. The disclosure and gathering of information on gender equality and non-discrimination legislation, case law and developments at national level, that is often not easily accessible due to the specificities of national legal systems, language barriers and difficulties in finding relevant information, is therefore one of the key goals of the new network.

The dissemination of general information about the acquis (communautaire and national), the latest developments at the EU level and in the countries involved in the network, remains a vital issue both for the further implementation of gender equality and non-discrimination law and its further development. Only upon the basis of the disclosure of gender equality and non-discrimination problems persisting in the Member States and other countries involved in the network, will it be possible to develop sound policies and legal rules for remedying these.

On this website the network publishes information on developments in gender equality and non-discrimination law at the Member State and European level. More information can be found via our legal developments page and the individual country pages.

Go to the website of Utrecht University
Go to the website of the Migration Policy Group

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