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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

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Thematic reports

 

Julie Ringelheim et Nicolas Bernard (février 2013)

Publication date: 5 February 2013. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella and Susanne Burri (November 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella et Susanne Burri (novembre 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella und Susanne Burri (November 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Colm O‘Cinneide, supervised by Christa Tobler (November 2012)

Publication date: 1 November 2012. Topics

Nicola Countouris and Mark Freedland (September 2012)

Publication date: 4 September 2012. Topics

Nicola Countouris et Mark Freedland (septembre 2012)

Publication date: 4 September 2012. Topics

Nicola Countouris und Mark Freedland (September 2012)

Publication date: 4 September 2012. Topics

Ann Numhauser-Henning and Sylvaine Laulom (November 2011)

Publication date: 11 November 2011. Topics

Susanne Burri and Hanneke van Eijken (Update August 2011)

Publication date: 1 August 2011. Topics

Declan O'Dempsey and Anna Beale, supervised by Mark Freedland (July 2011)

Publication date: 13 July 2011. Topics

Gender Quotas and Other Positive Action (December June 2011)

Publication date: 14 June 2011. Topics

Silvan Agius and Christa Tobler, supervised by Migration Policy Group (June 2011)

Publication date: 7 June 2011. Topics

Olivier de Schutter (May 2011)

Publication date: 10 May 2011. Topics

Titia Loenen and Susanne Burri (December 2010)

Publication date: 8 December 2010. Topics

Simonetta Renga, Dora Molnar-Hidassy and Genoveva Tisheva (December 2010)

Publication date: 1 December 2010. Topics

Petra Foubert, Susanne Burri and Ann Numhauser-Henning (October 2010)

Publication date: 1 October 2010. Topics

Petra Foubert (May 2010)

Publication date: 10 May 2010. Topics

Comparative analyses

The comparative analyses provide a summary of the state of affairs of non-discrimination and gender equality law in the 27 EU Member States, Albania, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Turkey and United Kingdom. The analyses give an overview of the key issues, include the latest and most important legal developments at the national level such as case law and legislative amendments, and illustrate and assess the evolution of non-discrimination and gender equality law.  

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Law reviews

This first issue of the 2021 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments in the field of gender equality and non-discrimination across Europe from 1 July to 31 December 2020.

It furthermore contains four in-depth analytical articles. The first article, by equality and non-discrimination consultant Niall Crowley, explores the independent assistance competences of equality bodies, with a particular focus on the Belgian, Croatian and Estonian equality bodies. The second article, by Ulrike Spangenberg from the German Institute for Gender-Equality-Based Practices and Strategies, examines tax policies in the EU from a gender equality perspective. The third article, by Elaine Dewhurst of the University of Manchester and coordinator for the ground of age for the EELN, analyses the existing protections against discrimination for the self-employed within EU law and the national law of Germany, Ireland and Sweden. The final article is authored by Jean Jacqmain, former gender equality expert for Belgium for the EELN, and Nathalie Wuiame, current gender equality expert for Belgium for the EELN. The article evaluates, from a gender equality perspective, two recently adopted directives concerning transparency, EU Directive 2019/11521 and EU Directive 2019/1937.

To receive hard copies of the European equality law review and be added to our mailing list to automatically receive future issues, please visit our order page

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Publications

Law reviews

This first issue of the 2021 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments in the field of gender equality and non-discrimination across Europe from 1 July to 31 December 2020.

Most recent publication:

European equality law review No. 1 | 2021

Cover image of European equality law review

Published:
August 2021

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More European equality law reviews

Thematic reports

The thematic reports published by the Network provide an in-depth analysis of a variety of themes in the non-discrimination and/or gender equality field. The thematic reports for 2020 are Indirect sex discrimination in employment, author Jule Mulder; Algorithmic discrimination in Europe: challenges and opportunities for gender equality and non-discrimination law, authors Janneke Gerards and Raphaële Xenidis; Age discrimination law outside the employment field, author Elaine Dewhurst; Sexual orientation discrimination law outside the labour market, author Peter Dunne.

Most recent publication:

Algorithmic discrimination in Europe Challenges and opportunities for gender equality and non-discrimination law

Cover image of Algorithmic discrimination in Europe

Published:
2020

Janneke Gerards and Raphaële Xenidis

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More thematic reports

Comparative analyses

Most recent publications:

A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2020

Cover image of A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2020

Published: Mei 2021

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A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2020

Cover image of A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2020

Published: February 2021

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More comparative analyses

Links

European Commission, DG Justice and Consumers
Tackling discrimination: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/index_en.htm
Gender equality: https://ec.europa.eu/info/policies/justice-and-fundamental-rights/gender-equality_en

European Court of Justice
http://curia.europa.eu

European Court of Human Rights
http://www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home

European Committee of Social Rights
http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/socialcharter/ecsr/ecsrdefault_EN.asp

Equinet - European network of equality bodies
If you consider that you have been a victim or a witness of an act of discrimination we would suggest that you contact the national equality body in your country of residence via the following link: https://equineteurope.org/members-map/ 

More information is available here: https://equineteurope.org/what-are-equality-bodies/european-directory-of-equality-bodies/

FRA - European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
http://fra.europa.eu/en


 

About us

The European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, established in December 2014, combines two previously existing networks: the European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field and the European Network of Legal Experts in the field of Gender Equality.

The gender equality network has a long history. It started in 1983, focussing on the implementation at national level of the series of directives that have been adopted since 1975 on equal treatment between women and men and on the cases on sex discrimination decided by the Court of Justice. With its experienced experts the network assisted the Commission in its task to monitor the correct implementation of the gender equality acquis communautaire. In 1983, only 6 Member States were participating in this network, in contrast to the 36 countries that are now included in the network.

The network of legal experts on non-discrimination was established in 2004 with the main aim to provide the Commission with independent advice on all the grounds of discrimination covered by Directive 2000/43/EC and Directive 2000/78/EC. The network was a follow-up to three separate networks, one of which dealt with racial or ethnic origin and religion or belief, one with disability and one with sexual orientation.

After a period of increasingly closer cooperation during the years 2012 - 2014 the gender equality and the non-discrimination networks merged into the current network covering all discrimination grounds in the EU Treaties.

The network ensures a regular overview of state of affairs regarding the transposition of EU equality and non-discrimination law on a country by country basis in the annual country reports and comparative analyses, whereas more recent reporting can be found in the legal developments section of the website and the key developments section of the bi-annual European Equality Law Review. Topical issues are addressed in article in the Equality Law Review and thematic reports that are published on the website and presented and discussed during the annual legal seminar.

The overall operation of the network is governed by Human European Consultancy, the School of Law of Utrecht University and the Migration Policy Group.

General coordination - Human European Consultancy

Position Name Email
General Coordinator Jos Kösters
Project manager for non-discrimination Ivette Groenendijk
Project manager for gender equality Yvonne van Leeuwen-Lohde
Project management assistant Rebecca van Midden

Coordination gender equality - Utrecht University

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator gender equality Linda Senden
Content coordinator for gender equality law Alexandra Timmer
Research editor gender equality law Franka van Hoof
Research editor gender equality law Birte Böök

Coordination non-discrimination - Migration Policy Group

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator non-discrimination law Isabelle Chopin
Research editor non-discrimination law Catharina Germaine

Executive committee of senior experts

Position Name Email
Racial or ethnic origin Lilla Farkas
Age Elaine Dewhurst
Religion or belief Isabelle Rorive
Gender equality law Susanne Burri
Sexual orientation Peter Dunne
Disability Lisa Waddington
EU and human rights law Christopher McCrudden
Social security Frans Pennings
EU law and expertise on sex, gender identity and gender expression in relation to trans and intersex people Christa Tobler

 

Legal developments

Whether abolishing the Equal Treatment Authority and transferring its tasks to the Ombudsman decreases the level of protection against discrimination

Disproportionate negative impact of policy measures on education of Roma children from socially a disadvantaged environment in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

Legality of the decision to remove alternative meals in school on the ground of secularity of the public service

Dismissal of an employee due to flexibility as indirect gender discrimination

Publication date: 9 February 2021. Topics

Concern has been raised about the latest appointments of new commissioners to the Equality and Human Rights Commission

Female professional sports, smart working and parental leave, anti gender violence centers

Publication date: 20 January 2021. Topics

Data collection in the field of gender equality

Publication date: 20 January 2021. Topics

Board Diversity and gender

Publication date: 20 January 2021. Topics

Law defining and criminalising anti-Gypsyism adopted

Applicability of the collective action procedure to facts that occurred prior to the adoption of the class action procedure

Publication date: 20 January 2021. Topics

Amendments to the Law on Protection from Discrimination adopted

Law proposal on gender balanced company boards submitted to Parliament

Publication date: 4 January 2021. Topics

The Bill on the Ninth Amendment of the Fundamental Law, proposed by the Government, addresses the issue of gender identity on two points, by claiming that “the mother is a woman and the father is a man”, and that “Hungary protects children’s right to identity in line with their birth-sex”

Publication date: 4 January 2021. Topics

First Greek judgment on the recognition of a non-binary person

Publication date: 14 December 2020. Topics

Protective measures for pregnant workers in the private sector due to COVID-19 – Special leave for parents of children with COVID-19 in the private sector

Law on Prevention and Protection against Discrimination adopted following repeal by the Constitutional Court

Whether abolishing the Equal Treatment Authority and transferring its tasks to the Ombudsman decreases the level of protection against discrimination

Can an educational institution request candidates to deliver an opinion of their parish priest to enrol in studies?

Was a policy of restricting housing to one religious community a proportionate form of positive action?

Decision by the Equality Body on the policy of University Eindhoven to appoint more women in academic positions

Publication date: 4 November 2020. Topics

For the first time, provision of a gender quota of a minimum of 1/3 of the total of the members of the administrative councils of athletic unions

Publication date: 4 November 2020. Topics

Report of the National Institute for Rehabilitation describing that complaints concerning disability discrimination increased 30 % compared to the previous year

Publication date: 14 October 2020. Topics

Legality of the decree reserving compensation for spoliation during occupation of France by the Nazi regime to persons of Jewish origin and excluding victims of Traveller and Roma origin

Conciliation measures and promotion of gender equality for working mothers

Dismissal and level of compensation

Publication date: 30 September 2020. Topics

Minister of Education, Science and Culture files suit against the victim of discrimination in an attempt to invalidate ruling

Publication date: 30 September 2020. Topics

Home

Welcome!

In order to effectively promote equality and tackle discrimination in the European Union it is important to understand the effects of the EU's equal treatment and non-discrimination legislation.

The European Commission therefore set up the former network of legal experts in gender equality and the network on non-discrimination to support its work by providing independent information and advice on relevant developments in the Member States. The two networks were merged in December 2014 and are now jointly managed by Human European Consultancy, the Migration Policy Group (MPG) and Utrecht University (UU) on behalf of the European Commission.

A primary task of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination is to provide reliable, expert information to enable the Commission to fulfil their role as guardian of the treaties. The disclosure and gathering of information on gender equality and non-discrimination legislation, case law and developments at national level, that is often not easily accessible due to the specificities of national legal systems, language barriers and difficulties in finding relevant information, is therefore one of the key goals of the new network.

The dissemination of general information about the acquis (communautaire and national), the latest developments at the EU level and in the countries involved in the network, remains a vital issue both for the further implementation of gender equality and non-discrimination law and its further development. Only upon the basis of the disclosure of gender equality and non-discrimination problems persisting in the Member States and other countries involved in the network, will it be possible to develop sound policies and legal rules for remedying these.

On this website the network publishes information on developments in gender equality and non-discrimination law at the Member State and European level. More information can be found via our legal developments page and the individual country pages.

Go to the website of Utrecht University
Go to the website of the Migration Policy Group

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