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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

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Thematic reports

 

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert and Susanne Burri (February 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert et Susanne Burri (février 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert und Susanne Burri (Februar 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Lilla Farkas and Orlagh O'Farrell (December 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Lilla Farkas et Orlagh O'Farrell (décembre 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Lilla Farkas und Orlagh O'Farrell (Dezember 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Dorota Pudzianowska and Krzysztof Smiszek, supervised and edited by Christa Tobler (December 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Dorota Pudzianowska et Krzysztof Smiszek (décembre 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Susanne Burri and Sacha Prechal 

Publication date: 1 January 2014. Topics

Susanne Burri and Helga Aune (November 2013)

Publication date: 1 November 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia and Isabelle Rorive, Supervised by Lisa Waddington (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia et Isabelle Rorive sous la supervision de Lisa Waddington (septembre 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia und Isabelle Rorive. Beratung: Lisa Waddington (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Aileen McColgan, supervised by Migration Policy Group (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

 Aileen McColgan sous la supervision du Migration Policy Group (septembre 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Aileen McColgan, Beratung: Migration Policy Group (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Julie Ringelheim and Nicolas Bernard (February 2013)

Publication date: 5 February 2013. Topics

Julie Ringelheim et Nicolas Bernard (février 2013)

Publication date: 5 February 2013. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella and Susanne Burri (November 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella et Susanne Burri (novembre 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella und Susanne Burri (November 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Comparative analyses

The comparative analyses provide a summary of the state of affairs of non-discrimination and gender equality law in the 28 EU Member States, Albania, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey. The analyses give an overview of the key issues, include the latest and most important legal developments at the national level such as case law and legislative amendments, and illustrate and assess the evolution of non-discrimination and gender equality law.  

The 27 EU Member States, Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey compared

Publication date: 1 October 2012. Topics

Law reviews

This first issue of the 2020 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments in the field of gender equality and non-discrimination across Europe from 1 July to 31 December 2019.

It also contains the following in-depth analytical articles. The first article, by Emma Lantschner, associate professor at the Centre for Southeast European Studies, University of Graz, examines the equality bodies’ strategic use of powers to enforce discrimination law, comparing legislation and practice in Belgium, Finland and Sweden. The second article, by the gender equality expert for France, Marie Mercat-Bruns, surveys the state of affairs of the EU collective redress package, focusing on France, Norway and Romania. The third article, by Vera Pavlou, gender equality expert for Cyprus, looks at the legal and practical obstacles faced by domestic workers concerning equality at work. The fourth article is by Kim Baker from the University of Stirling and Olga Juraz from the Open University law school, and looks at online violence against women as an obstacle to gender equality, providing a critical view from a European perspective.

To receive hard copies of the European equality law review and be added to our mailing list to automatically receive future issues, please visit our order page

Issue No. 1 - May 2011

Publication date: 1 May 2011. Topics

Issue No. 11 - December 2010

Publication date: 14 February 2011. Topics

Issue No. 2 - December 2010

Publication date: 22 December 2010. Topics

Issue No. 10 - July 2010

Publication date: 11 July 2010. Topics

Issue No. 1 - June 2010

Publication date: 1 June 2010. Topics

Issue No. 9 - December 2009

Publication date: 11 December 2009. Topics

Issue No. 2 - December 2009

Publication date: 1 November 2009. Topics

Issue No. 8 - July 2009

Publication date: 11 July 2009. Topics

Issue No. 1 - June 2009

Publication date: 1 June 2009. Topics

Issue No. 2 - November 2008

Publication date: 1 November 2008. Topics

Issue No. 6/7 - October 2008

Publication date: 11 October 2008. Topics

Issue No.1 - August 2008

Publication date: 1 August 2008. Topics

Publications

Law reviews

This second issue of the 2019 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments across Europe and reflects the state of affairs from 1 January to 30 June 2019. It describes the most recent case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights and details the most relevant developments in the same period in legislation, case law and policy in the 36 countries that are covered by the network.

Most recent publication:

European equality law review No. 2 | 2019

Cover image of European equality law review

Published:
November 2019

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More European equality law reviews

Thematic reports

The thematic reports published by the Network provide an in-depth analysis of a variety of themes in the non-discrimination and/or gender equality field. The thematic reports for 2019 are Gender-based positive action in employment in Europe: A comparative analysis of legal and policy approaches in the EU and EEA, author Christopher McCrudden (published); The ongoing evolution of the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union on Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC, authors Colm O’Cinneide and Kimberly Liu (published); Racial discrimination in education and EU equality law, authors Lilla Farkas and Dezideriu Gergely (published); Strategic Litigation in the Area of Gender Equality, author Marion Guerrero (published).

Most recent publication:

Strategic litigation in EU gender equality law

Cover image of Strategic litigation in EU gender equality law

Published:
2020

Marion Guerrero

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More thematic reports

Comparative analyses

Most recent publications:

A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2019 A comparative analysis of the implementation of EU non-discrimination law in the EU Member States, Albania, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey

Cover image of A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2019

Published: April 2020

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A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2019 A comparative analysis of the implementation of EU gender equality law in the EU Member States, Albania, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey

Cover image of A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2019

Published: May 2020

Download this publication

More comparative analyses

Links

European Commission, DG Justice and Consumers
Tackling discrimination: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/index_en.htm
Gender equality: https://ec.europa.eu/info/policies/justice-and-fundamental-rights/gender-equality_en

European Court of Justice
http://curia.europa.eu

European Court of Human Rights
http://www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home

European Committee of Social Rights
http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/socialcharter/ecsr/ecsrdefault_EN.asp

Equinet - European network of equality bodies
If you consider that you have been a victim or a witness of an act of discrimination we would suggest that you contact the national equality body in your country of residence via the following link: https://equineteurope.org/members-map/ 

More information is available here: https://equineteurope.org/what-are-equality-bodies/european-directory-of-equality-bodies/

FRA - European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
http://fra.europa.eu/en


 

About us

The European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, established in December 2014, combines two previously existing networks: the European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field and the European Network of Legal Experts in the field of Gender Equality.

The gender equality network has a long history. It started in 1983, focussing on the implementation at national level of the series of directives that have been adopted since 1975 on equal treatment between women and men and on the cases on sex discrimination decided by the Court of Justice. With its experienced experts the network assisted the Commission in its task to monitor the correct implementation of the gender equality acquis communautaire. In 1983, only 6 Member States were participating in this network, in contrast to the 36 countries that are now included in the network.

The network of legal experts on non-discrimination was established in 2004 with the main aim to provide the Commission with independent advice on all the grounds of discrimination covered by Directive 2000/43/EC and Directive 2000/78/EC. The network was a follow-up to three separate networks, one of which dealt with racial or ethnic origin and religion or belief, one with disability and one with sexual orientation.

After a period of increasingly closer cooperation during the years 2012 - 2014 the gender equality and the non-discrimination networks merged into the current network covering all discrimination grounds in the EU Treaties.

The network ensures a regular overview of state of affairs regarding the transposition of EU equality and non-discrimination law on a country by country basis in the annual country reports and comparative analyses, whereas more recent reporting can be found in the legal developments section of the website and the key developments section of the bi-annual European Equality Law Review. Topical issues are addressed in article in the Equality Law Review and thematic reports that are published on the website and presented and discussed during the annual legal seminar.

The overall operation of the network is governed by Human European Consultancy, the School of Law of Utrecht University and the Migration Policy Group.

General coordination - Human European Consultancy

Position Name Email
General Coordinator Marcel Zwamborn
Project manager for non-discrimination Ivette Groenendijk
Project manager for gender equality Yvonne van Leeuwen-Lohde
Project management assistant Rebecca van Midden

Coordination gender equality - Utrecht University

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator gender equality Linda Senden
Content coordinator for gender equality law Alexandra Timmer
Research editor gender equality law Franka van Hoof
Research editor gender equality law Birte Böök

Coordination non-discrimination - Migration Policy Group

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator non-discrimination law Isabelle Chopin
Research editor non-discrimination law Catharina Germaine

Executive committee of senior experts

Position Name Email
Racial or ethnic origin Lilla Farkas
Age Elaine Dewhurst
Religion or belief Isabelle Rorive
Gender equality law Susanne Burri
Sexual orientation Peter Dunne
Disability Lisa Waddington
EU and human rights law Christopher McCrudden
Social security Frans Pennings
EU law and expertise on sex, gender identity and gender expression in relation to trans and intersex people Christa Tobler

 

Legal developments

Additional parental leave to support parents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Work-Life Balance
Social Security
Domestic violence and violence against women

Less favourable retirement age for male Greek public servants constitutes direct gender discrimination in pay – Levelling up

Publication date: 14 July 2020. Topics

Discrimination of Sami people, Kvens and Finns in the northernmost region of Norway, Troms and Finnmark

Land Berlin Non-Discrimination Law (Landesantidiskriminierungsgesetz)

Whether Hungary’s plans to prevent courts from imposing pecuniary compensation for fundamental rights violations in education are in compliance with the EU acquis

Whether damages are payable to individual victims of educational segregation to compensate for the disadvantages they suffered as a result of the segregation

With the closure of all schools and child-care centres during the COVID-19 pandemic, many parents were forced to stay at home in order to look after their children. The Government set up a Parent Benefit for parents employed in the private sector of Malta, with children under 16 years of age, who were not able to work from home and who due to the impact of COVID-19, after 8 March 2020 could not go to work to take care of their children

Measures taken in the context of COVID-19 have affected vulnerable groups in a particularly negative way

On 30 April 2020, the Polish Parliament passed legislation amending the Code of Civil Procedure and some other acts, providing for the possibility of the police issuing an order for the perpetrator of violence to leave the premises occupied together with the victim, without the need to initiate criminal proceedings

Publication date: 17 June 2020. Topics

Liechtenstein Government decided to sign the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 26 May 2020

Implementation of policies and measures concerning the equality and inclusion of Roma living in marginalised communities

Caring benefits more generous during COVID 19 quarantine

The legality of the conditions of eviction of illegal camp occupied by a Roma family

Discrimination against tenants on the basis of their actual or perceived nationality

Monitoring of discrimination cases concerning public and private sector on behalf of the competent Equality Body

Significant increase of domestic violence against women during the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic

Survivor’s right to tell the story v. perpetrator’s honour and dignity

Female salaried lawyers not entitled to adequate maternity allowance in breach of Article 11(2)(b) Directive 92/85/EEC due to the non-adoption of the Single Benefits Regulation by the general social security scheme ‘EFKA’ since 01.01.2017

Relocation of the Office of the Government Plenipotentiary for Equal Treatment within the governmental administrative structure: from the Chancellery of the Prime Minister to the Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy

Among anti-COVID-19 measures, the government introduced recommended and mandatory time slots for grocery shopping for persons defined by age and disability

Whether the contents and implementation of equal opportunity plans adopted by certain employers can be examined and assessed by the Equal Treatment Authority

In the context of the state of emergency the Government extends the mandate of the NCCD Steering Board members by means of Emergency Ordinance

Concept of discrimination and personal autonomy

Sexual harassment and assault in the workplace

Gender division of labour

Publication date: 13 May 2020. Topics

Fathers take parental leave and mothers stay at home

Employment and working conditions – parental benefits Strengthening the rights of father’s parental benefits

Αward of bonus points to candidate seasonal firefighters who have served in the army or in other corps to which women have no or only limited access

Publication date: 30 April 2020. Topics

The Education Bill explicitly introduces equal treatment and non-discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, disability, age, illness, religion or belief, sexual orientation or gender identity

The wearing of a beard interpreted as a religious sign in the public service

Home

Welcome!

In order to effectively promote equality and tackle discrimination in the European Union it is important to understand the effects of the EU's equal treatment and non-discrimination legislation.

The European Commission therefore set up the former network of legal experts in gender equality and the network on non-discrimination to support its work by providing independent information and advice on relevant developments in the Member States. The two networks were merged in December 2014 and are now jointly managed by Human European Consultancy, the Migration Policy Group (MPG) and Utrecht University (UU) on behalf of the European Commission.

A primary task of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination is to provide reliable, expert information to enable the Commission to fulfil their role as guardian of the treaties. The disclosure and gathering of information on gender equality and non-discrimination legislation, case law and developments at national level, that is often not easily accessible due to the specificities of national legal systems, language barriers and difficulties in finding relevant information, is therefore one of the key goals of the new network.

The dissemination of general information about the acquis (communautaire and national), the latest developments at the EU level and in the countries involved in the network, remains a vital issue both for the further implementation of gender equality and non-discrimination law and its further development. Only upon the basis of the disclosure of gender equality and non-discrimination problems persisting in the Member States and other countries involved in the network, will it be possible to develop sound policies and legal rules for remedying these.

On this website the network publishes information on developments in gender equality and non-discrimination law at the Member State and European level. More information can be found via our legal developments page and the individual country pages.

Go to the website of Utrecht University
Go to the website of the Migration Policy Group

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