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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

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Thematic reports

 

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert and Susanne Burri (February 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert et Susanne Burri (février 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert und Susanne Burri (Februar 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Lilla Farkas and Orlagh O'Farrell (December 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Lilla Farkas et Orlagh O'Farrell (décembre 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Lilla Farkas und Orlagh O'Farrell (Dezember 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Dorota Pudzianowska and Krzysztof Smiszek, supervised and edited by Christa Tobler (December 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Dorota Pudzianowska et Krzysztof Smiszek (décembre 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Susanne Burri and Sacha Prechal 

Publication date: 1 January 2014. Topics

Susanne Burri and Helga Aune (November 2013)

Publication date: 1 November 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia and Isabelle Rorive, Supervised by Lisa Waddington (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia et Isabelle Rorive sous la supervision de Lisa Waddington (septembre 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia und Isabelle Rorive. Beratung: Lisa Waddington (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Aileen McColgan, supervised by Migration Policy Group (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

 Aileen McColgan sous la supervision du Migration Policy Group (septembre 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Aileen McColgan, Beratung: Migration Policy Group (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Julie Ringelheim and Nicolas Bernard (February 2013)

Publication date: 5 February 2013. Topics

Julie Ringelheim et Nicolas Bernard (février 2013)

Publication date: 5 February 2013. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella and Susanne Burri (November 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella et Susanne Burri (novembre 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Annick Masselot, Eugenia Caracciolo Di Torella und Susanne Burri (November 2012)

Publication date: 2 November 2012. Topics

Colm O‘Cinneide, supervised by Christa Tobler (November 2012)

Publication date: 1 November 2012. Topics

Nicola Countouris and Mark Freedland (September 2012)

Publication date: 4 September 2012. Topics

Comparative analyses

The comparative analyses provide a summary of the state of affairs of non-discrimination and gender equality law in the 28 EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey. The analyses give an overview of the key issues, include the latest and most important legal developments at the national level such as case law and legislative amendments, and illustrate and assess the evolution of non-discrimination and gender equality law.  

No documents found.

Law reviews

This second issue of the 2019 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments across Europe and reflects the state of affairs from 1 January to 30 June 2019.

This Law Review opens with four in-depth analytical articles. The first article, authored by Sophia Ayada from the European University Institute Florence, investigates the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning the access of female workers to the labour market. The second article, authored by Panagiota Petroglou, Greek gender equality expert of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, examines the concepts of sexual harassment, and harassment at work related to sex. The article also evaluates relevant EU law limits and potential for future EU legislative action. The third article is authored by Judy Walsh, the Irish non-discrimination expert of the network, and explores the issue of primacy of national law over EU law with regard to a controversial provision of the Irish Equal Status Act. The fourth article is authored by Julie Ringelheim from the University of Louvain and examines the implementation of the shift of the burden of proof in non-discrimination cases, focusing on Belgium, France and Ireland.

To receive hard copies of the European equality law review and be added to our mailing list to automatically receive future issues, please visit our order page

Issue No. 11 - December 2010

Publication date: 14 February 2011. Topics

Issue No. 2 - December 2010

Publication date: 22 December 2010. Topics

Issue No. 10 - July 2010

Publication date: 11 July 2010. Topics

Issue No. 1 - June 2010

Publication date: 1 June 2010. Topics

Issue No. 9 - December 2009

Publication date: 11 December 2009. Topics

Issue No. 2 - December 2009

Publication date: 1 November 2009. Topics

Issue No. 8 - July 2009

Publication date: 11 July 2009. Topics

Issue No. 1 - June 2009

Publication date: 1 June 2009. Topics

Issue No. 2 - November 2008

Publication date: 1 November 2008. Topics

Issue No. 6/7 - October 2008

Publication date: 11 October 2008. Topics

Issue No.1 - August 2008

Publication date: 1 August 2008. Topics

Publications

Law reviews

This second issue of the 2019 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments across Europe and reflects the state of affairs from 1 January to 30 June 2019. It describes the most recent case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights and details the most relevant developments in the same period in legislation, case law and policy in the 36 countries that are covered by the network.

Most recent publication:

European equality law review No. 2 | 2019

Cover image of European equality law review

Published:
November 2019

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More European equality law reviews

Thematic reports

The thematic reports published by the Network provide an in-depth analysis of a variety of themes in the non-discrimination and/or gender equality field. The thematic reports for 2019 are: Gender-based positive action in employment in Europe: A comparative analysis of legal and policy approaches in the EU and EEA, author Christopher McCrudden (published); The ongoing evolution of the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union on Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC, authors Colm O’Cinneide and Kimberly Liu (published); Strategic Litigation in the Area of Gender Equality, author Marion Guerrero (publication pending); Racial discrimination in education and EU equality law, authors Lilla Farkas and Dezideriu Gergely (publication pending) .

Most recent publication:

The ongoing evolution of the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union on Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC

Cover image of The ongoing evolution of the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union on Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC

Published:
2019

Kimberly Liu and Colm O’Cinneide

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More thematic reports

Comparative analyses

The comparative analyses provide a general overview of the implementation of EU gender equality and non-discrimination law in the 28 EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Turkey.

Most recent publications:

A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2018 A comparative analysis of the implementation of EU gender equality law in the EU Member States, the Republic of North Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia and Turkey

Cover image of A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2018

Published: February 2019

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A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2018 A comparative analysis of the implementation of EU non-discrimination law in the 28 EU Member States, the Republic of North Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia and Turkey

Cover image of A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2018

Published: January 2019

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More comparative analyses

Links

European Commission, DG Justice and Consumers
Tackling discrimination: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/index_en.htm
Gender equality: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/index_en.htm

European Court of Justice
http://curia.europa.eu

European Court of Human Rights
http://www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home

European Committee of Social Rights
http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/socialcharter/ecsr/ecsrdefault_EN.asp

Equinet - European network of equality bodies
If you consider that you have been a victim or a witness of an act of discrimination we would suggest that you contact the national equality body in your country of residence via the following link: http://www.equineteurope.org/-Equinet-Members-

More information is available here: http://equineteurope.org/-Are-you-a-victim-of-discrimination-

FRA - European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
http://fra.europa.eu/en


 

About us

The European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, established in December 2014, combines two previously existing networks: the European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field and the European Network of Legal Experts in the field of Gender Equality.

The gender equality network has a long history. It started in 1983, focussing on the implementation at national level of the series of directives that have been adopted since 1975 on equal treatment between women and men and on the cases on sex discrimination decided by the Court of Justice. With its experienced experts the network assisted the Commission in its task to monitor the correct implementation of the gender equality acquis communautaire. In 1983, only 6 Member States were participating in this network, in contrast to the 36 countries that are now included in the network.

The network of legal experts on non-discrimination was established in 2004 with the main aim to provide the Commission with independent advice on all the grounds of discrimination covered by Directive 2000/43/EC and Directive 2000/78/EC. The network was a follow-up to three separate networks, one of which dealt with racial or ethnic origin and religion or belief, one with disability and one with sexual orientation.

After a period of increasingly closer cooperation during the years 2012 - 2014 the gender equality and the non-discrimination networks merged into the current network covering all discrimination grounds in the EU Treaties.

The network ensures a regular overview of state of affairs regarding the transposition of EU equality and non-discrimination law on a country by country basis in the annual country reports and comparative analyses, whereas more recent reporting can be found in the legal developments section of the website and the key developments section of the bi-annual European Equality Law Review. Topical issues are addressed in article in the Equality Law Review and thematic reports that are published on the website and presented and discussed during the annual legal seminar.

The overall operation of the network is governed by Human European Consultancy, the School of Law of Utrecht University and the Migration Policy Group.

General coordination - Human European Consultancy

Position Name Email
General Coordinator Marcel Zwamborn
Project management assistant Ivette Groenendijk
Project management assistant Yvonne van Leeuwen-Lohde

Coordination gender equality - Utrecht University

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator gender equality Linda Senden
Content coordinator for gender equality law Alexandra Timmer
Research editor gender equality law Franka van Hoof
Research editor gender equality law Raphaele Xenidis

Coordination non-discrimination - Migration Policy Group

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator non-discrimination law Isabelle Chopin
Research editor non-discrimination law Catharina Germaine

Executive committee of senior experts

Position Name Email
Racial or ethnic origin Lilla Farkas
Age Elaine Dewhurst
Religion or belief Isabelle Rorive
Gender equality law Susanne Burri
Sexual orientation Peter Dunne
Disability Lisa Waddington
EU and human rights law Christopher McCrudden
Social security Frans Pennings
EU law and expertise on sex, gender identity and gender expression in relation to trans and intersex people Christa Tobler

 

Legal developments

ECRI criticises the new Ombudsman for insufficient activity in the field of promoting equality and protecting vulnerable groups

Whether differentiation in social benefits based on long-term illness constitutes discrimination

Whether harassing municipal practices targeting the Roma population amount to a violation of the Roma victims’ human dignity

Whether blocking access to LBGTQI-themed websites for employees constitutes discrimination

The Slovenian equality body with increased staff and budget

First three cases dealing with discrimination because of disability adjudicated according to the new 2018 Act on the Prohibition of Discrimination due to Disability

Extension of parental leave

Different premiums for men and women for the voluntary health insurance

Publication date: 17 July 2019. Topics

Whether a trans woman should be provided with access to women’s changing room at her workplace

Publication date: 17 July 2019. Topics

The Hungarian government launched a complex set of policies aimed at increasing fertility rates

The ruling of the Supreme Court of 21 of June 2019, appeal number 396/2019, states that sexual assault in which the victim did not expressly opposed to the offenders given the intimidating situation must be qualified as rape (and not as simple sexual abuse)

Ireland’s national equality body has requested local government bodies to conduct a review of compliance with equality law obligations in the field of accommodation for the Traveller community

Was a policy of restricting housing to one religious community a proportionate form of positive action?

Gender equality in the business world and the labour market is still not achieved, as shown by two independent reports published in 2019

Protection against retaliation for witness of discrimination based on sex

Publication date: 16 July 2019. Topics

In May 2018, a wave of teachers' strikes protesting against their low wages swept through Poland. In the ongoing public discussions on this subject, the discriminatory aspect of the strike was overlooked and the voice of female teachers was inaudible

Publication date: 16 July 2019. Topics

No constitutional complaint against implementation of CJEU, IR v JQ

Publication date: 10 July 2019. Topics

Balance between the prohibition of discrimination and freedom of thought, beliefs and views as well as economic freedom and freedom of transactions

Constitutional complaint against implementation of CJEU, Egenberger

Publication date: 10 July 2019. Topics

Burden of proof of claimants challenging the legality of differential treatment between employees resulting from collective and negotiated agreements

Shared parental leave (SPL) – is it sex discrimination to pay men less on SPL than women are paid on maternity leave?

The ultra-right party "Vox" adopts as one of its first measures in the Andalusian Parliament the inquiry about the qualification of specialists in gender violence contracted by the Andalusian Government

Publication date: 3 July 2019. Topics

Positive action; Adoption of a quota of 40 % in favour of the underrepresented sex for candidates at the European Elections and the Parliamentary, Regional and Municipal Elections in Greece

Publication date: 3 July 2019. Topics

A man of South Asian origin complained that he was verbally abused and discriminated on grounds of racial origin by a security guard, and supermarket personnel. He complained to the Ombudsman

New legislative Act creating a Federal Institute for the Protection and Promotion of Fundamental Rights

Limits to the dismissal of female employees in collective redundancy procedures and the respective remedies

Publication date: 12 June 2019. Topics

Annual reports by the two national human rights institutions with an equality and non-discrimination mandate

New Law on Prevention and Protection against Discrimination adopted

A consultation document “Gender Balance in Parliament: Reform” was launched in order to receive proposals to challenge the under-representation of women in Parliament.

Publication date: 12 June 2019. Topics

Access to interpretation in sign language of deaf persons before the Court

Publication date: 5 June 2019. Topics

Home

Welcome!

In order to effectively promote equality and tackle discrimination in the European Union it is important to understand the effects of the EU's equal treatment and non-discrimination legislation.

The European Commission therefore set up the former network of legal experts in gender equality and the network on non-discrimination to support its work by providing independent information and advice on relevant developments in the Member States. The two networks were merged in December 2014 and are now jointly managed by Human European Consultancy, the Migration Policy Group (MPG) and Utrecht University (UU) on behalf of the European Commission.

A primary task of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination is to provide reliable, expert information to enable the Commission to fulfil their role as guardian of the treaties. The disclosure and gathering of information on gender equality and non-discrimination legislation, case law and developments at national level, that is often not easily accessible due to the specificities of national legal systems, language barriers and difficulties in finding relevant information, is therefore one of the key goals of the new network.

The dissemination of general information about the acquis (communautaire and national), the latest developments at the EU level and in the countries involved in the network, remains a vital issue both for the further implementation of gender equality and non-discrimination law and its further development. Only upon the basis of the disclosure of gender equality and non-discrimination problems persisting in the Member States and other countries involved in the network, will it be possible to develop sound policies and legal rules for remedying these.

On this website the network publishes information on developments in gender equality and non-discrimination law at the Member State and European level. More information can be found via our legal developments page and the individual country pages.

Go to the website of Utrecht University
Go to the website of the Migration Policy Group

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