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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

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Thematic reports

 

Lisa Waddington and Andrea Broderick with the assistance of Anne Poulos (April 2016)

Publication date: 19 April 2016. Topics

Delia Ferri and Anna Lawson (March 2016)

Publication date: 21 March 2016. Topics

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert and Susanne Burri (February 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert et Susanne Burri (février 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Maria do Rosário Palma Ramalho, Petra Foubert und Susanne Burri (Februar 2015)

Publication date: 27 February 2015. Topics

Lilla Farkas and Orlagh O'Farrell (December 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Lilla Farkas et Orlagh O'Farrell (décembre 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Lilla Farkas und Orlagh O'Farrell (Dezember 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Dorota Pudzianowska and Krzysztof Smiszek, supervised and edited by Christa Tobler (December 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Dorota Pudzianowska et Krzysztof Smiszek (décembre 2014)

Publication date: 2 December 2014. Topics

Susanne Burri and Sacha Prechal 

Publication date: 1 January 2014. Topics

Susanne Burri and Helga Aune (November 2013)

Publication date: 1 November 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia and Isabelle Rorive, Supervised by Lisa Waddington (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia et Isabelle Rorive sous la supervision de Lisa Waddington (septembre 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia und Isabelle Rorive. Beratung: Lisa Waddington (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Aileen McColgan, supervised by Migration Policy Group (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

 Aileen McColgan sous la supervision du Migration Policy Group (septembre 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Aileen McColgan, Beratung: Migration Policy Group (September 2013)

Publication date: 3 September 2013. Topics

Julie Ringelheim and Nicolas Bernard (February 2013)

Publication date: 5 February 2013. Topics

Comparative analyses

The comparative analyses provide a summary of the state of affairs of non-discrimination and gender equality law in the 27 EU Member States, Albania, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Turkey and United Kingdom. The analyses give an overview of the key issues, include the latest and most important legal developments at the national level such as case law and legislative amendments, and illustrate and assess the evolution of non-discrimination and gender equality law.  

Gender Equality Law in 33 European Countries: How are EU rules transposed into national law?

Publication date: 1 February 2014. Topics

The 28 EU Member States, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey compared

Publication date: 1 October 2013. Topics

The 27 EU Member States, Croatia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey compared

Publication date: 1 October 2012. Topics

Law reviews

This first issue of the 2021 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments in the field of gender equality and non-discrimination across Europe from 1 July to 31 December 2020.

It furthermore contains four in-depth analytical articles. The first article, by equality and non-discrimination consultant Niall Crowley, explores the independent assistance competences of equality bodies, with a particular focus on the Belgian, Croatian and Estonian equality bodies. The second article, by Ulrike Spangenberg from the German Institute for Gender-Equality-Based Practices and Strategies, examines tax policies in the EU from a gender equality perspective. The third article, by Elaine Dewhurst of the University of Manchester and coordinator for the ground of age for the EELN, analyses the existing protections against discrimination for the self-employed within EU law and the national law of Germany, Ireland and Sweden. The final article is authored by Jean Jacqmain, former gender equality expert for Belgium for the EELN, and Nathalie Wuiame, current gender equality expert for Belgium for the EELN. The article evaluates, from a gender equality perspective, two recently adopted directives concerning transparency, EU Directive 2019/11521 and EU Directive 2019/1937.

To receive hard copies of the European equality law review and be added to our mailing list to automatically receive future issues, please visit our order page

Issue No. 2 - November 2011

Publication date: 1 November 2011. Topics

Issue No. 12 - July 2011

Publication date: 29 July 2011. Topics

Issue No. 1 - May 2011

Publication date: 1 May 2011. Topics

Issue No. 11 - December 2010

Publication date: 14 February 2011. Topics

Issue No. 2 - December 2010

Publication date: 22 December 2010. Topics

Issue No. 10 - July 2010

Publication date: 11 July 2010. Topics

Issue No. 1 - June 2010

Publication date: 1 June 2010. Topics

Issue No. 9 - December 2009

Publication date: 11 December 2009. Topics

Issue No. 2 - December 2009

Publication date: 1 November 2009. Topics

Issue No. 8 - July 2009

Publication date: 11 July 2009. Topics

Issue No. 1 - June 2009

Publication date: 1 June 2009. Topics

Issue No. 2 - November 2008

Publication date: 1 November 2008. Topics

Issue No. 6/7 - October 2008

Publication date: 11 October 2008. Topics

Issue No.1 - August 2008

Publication date: 1 August 2008. Topics

Publications

Law reviews

This first issue of the 2021 European Equality Law Review provides an overview of legal and policy developments in the field of gender equality and non-discrimination across Europe from 1 July to 31 December 2020.

Most recent publication:

European equality law review No. 1 | 2021

Cover image of European equality law review

Published:
August 2021

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More European equality law reviews

Thematic reports

The thematic reports published by the Network provide an in-depth analysis of a variety of themes in the non-discrimination and/or gender equality field. The thematic reports for 2020 are Indirect sex discrimination in employment, author Jule Mulder; Algorithmic discrimination in Europe: challenges and opportunities for gender equality and non-discrimination law, authors Janneke Gerards and Raphaële Xenidis; Age discrimination law outside the employment field, author Elaine Dewhurst; Sexual orientation discrimination law outside the labour market, author Peter Dunne.

Most recent publication:

Algorithmic discrimination in Europe Challenges and opportunities for gender equality and non-discrimination law

Cover image of Algorithmic discrimination in Europe

Published:
2020

Janneke Gerards and Raphaële Xenidis

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More thematic reports

Comparative analyses

Most recent publications:

A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2020

Cover image of A comparative analysis of non-discrimination law in Europe 2020

Published: Mei 2021

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A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2020

Cover image of A comparative analysis of gender equality law in Europe 2020

Published: February 2021

Download this publication

More comparative analyses

Links

European Commission, DG Justice and Consumers
Tackling discrimination: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/index_en.htm
Gender equality: https://ec.europa.eu/info/policies/justice-and-fundamental-rights/gender-equality_en

European Court of Justice
http://curia.europa.eu

European Court of Human Rights
http://www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home

European Committee of Social Rights
http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/socialcharter/ecsr/ecsrdefault_EN.asp

Equinet - European network of equality bodies
If you consider that you have been a victim or a witness of an act of discrimination we would suggest that you contact the national equality body in your country of residence via the following link: https://equineteurope.org/members-map/ 

More information is available here: https://equineteurope.org/what-are-equality-bodies/european-directory-of-equality-bodies/

FRA - European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
http://fra.europa.eu/en


 

About us

The European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, established in December 2014, combines two previously existing networks: the European Network of Legal Experts in the Non-discrimination Field and the European Network of Legal Experts in the field of Gender Equality.

The gender equality network has a long history. It started in 1983, focussing on the implementation at national level of the series of directives that have been adopted since 1975 on equal treatment between women and men and on the cases on sex discrimination decided by the Court of Justice. With its experienced experts the network assisted the Commission in its task to monitor the correct implementation of the gender equality acquis communautaire. In 1983, only 6 Member States were participating in this network, in contrast to the 36 countries that are now included in the network.

The network of legal experts on non-discrimination was established in 2004 with the main aim to provide the Commission with independent advice on all the grounds of discrimination covered by Directive 2000/43/EC and Directive 2000/78/EC. The network was a follow-up to three separate networks, one of which dealt with racial or ethnic origin and religion or belief, one with disability and one with sexual orientation.

After a period of increasingly closer cooperation during the years 2012 - 2014 the gender equality and the non-discrimination networks merged into the current network covering all discrimination grounds in the EU Treaties.

The network ensures a regular overview of state of affairs regarding the transposition of EU equality and non-discrimination law on a country by country basis in the annual country reports and comparative analyses, whereas more recent reporting can be found in the legal developments section of the website and the key developments section of the bi-annual European Equality Law Review. Topical issues are addressed in article in the Equality Law Review and thematic reports that are published on the website and presented and discussed during the annual legal seminar.

The overall operation of the network is governed by Human European Consultancy, the School of Law of Utrecht University and the Migration Policy Group.

General coordination - Human European Consultancy

Position Name Email
General Coordinator Jos Kösters
Project manager for non-discrimination Ivette Groenendijk
Project manager for gender equality Yvonne van Leeuwen-Lohde
Project management assistant Rebecca van Midden

Coordination gender equality - Utrecht University

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator gender equality Linda Senden
Content coordinator for gender equality law Alexandra Timmer
Research editor gender equality law Franka van Hoof
Research editor gender equality law Birte Böök

Coordination non-discrimination - Migration Policy Group

Position Name Email
Specialist coordinator non-discrimination law Isabelle Chopin
Research editor non-discrimination law Catharina Germaine

Executive committee of senior experts

Position Name Email
Racial or ethnic origin Lilla Farkas
Age Elaine Dewhurst
Religion or belief Isabelle Rorive
Gender equality law Susanne Burri
Sexual orientation Peter Dunne
Disability Lisa Waddington
EU and human rights law Christopher McCrudden
Social security Frans Pennings
EU law and expertise on sex, gender identity and gender expression in relation to trans and intersex people Christa Tobler

 

Legal developments

Amendment of Labour Code allows dismissal of the employees who attain age 65 and pensionable age

Publication date: 2 June 2021. Topics

Amendments to the Criminal Act concerning the prosecution of the criminal offence of sexual harassment

Implementation of policies and measures on the prevention of discrimination and social exclusion of Roma minority

The Constitutional Court annulled the provision of the Registry Act that the new rules (from came i2020) shall be applied to ongoing legal gender recognition proceedings as well

Job advertisements on Facebook only shown on certain Facebook profiles

On 18 November 2020, a Labour Court in Madrid ruled that a company had discriminated against 5 of its employees for dismissing them because they were over 50 years old

Publication date: 12 May 2021. Topics

On 15 March 2021, the Constitutional Court analysed whether the Public Administration violated the right of one of its employees with Asperger syndrome to non-discrimination on grounds of disability. The claimant was penalised by the employer without taking his circumstances and request for reasonable adjustments at the workplace into account

Council of State does not find minimum athletic requirements common for male and female candidates for the Police Schools to be indirectly discriminatory against female candidates

Publication date: 26 April 2021. Topics

Exclusion of female cleaners from the possibility to be transferred to another branch of a private bank resulted in the termination of their employment contract

Publication date: 26 April 2021. Topics

A survivor’s pension granted to unmarried daughters of deceased civil servants under more favourable conditions than those provided for unmarried sons

In response to the Greek #MeToo movement, the City of Athens unanimously adopted an action programme on the prevention and elimination of sexual harassment, including a public commitment to zero-tolerance

On 25 January 2021, the Constitutional Court resolved an appeal filed by a Roma woman who considered she had been discriminated against on grounds of ethnicity due to the fact she had been denied a widow’s pension on the death of her husband

Czechia adopted two new strategies regarding gender equality

Publication date: 26 April 2021. Topics

Minister of Education and Culture appeals district court judgment to invalidate ruling of Gender Equality Complaints Committee

Publication date: 26 April 2021. Topics

Annual report of the national equality body for 2020

How should courts distinguish between self-employed and employed status for the purposes of the coverage of the Equality Act 2010?

Whether requirements of face masks due to COVID-19 constitute discrimination

Following the adoption of a new Anti-discrimination Law, a new equality body is being set up

Following the adoption of a new Anti-discrimination Law, a new equality body is being set up

Access to counsel and redress for victims of discrimination

A new Article 22ter of the Constitution enshrines a right to full inclusion for people with disabilities 

Publication date: 1 April 2021. Topics

Equal access to social security rights during leave related to pregnancy and childbirth for employees and self-employed

Law proposal on more diversity in the top of business adopted by the Second Chamber (Lower House) of Parliament

Publication date: 25 March 2021. Topics

Judgment No. 1196/2020 of the Thessaloniki Court of Appeal for the first time acknowledges sexual harassment at work as a form of gender discrimination and applies the reversal of the burden of proof

In response to the Greek #MeToo movement and a campaign by Women’s NGOs, the Greek Government announced the ratification of the ILO Violence and Harassment Convention 190 and other legal measures for the elimination of gender-based violence and harassment

Further degradation of the ex-General Secretariat for Gender Equality undermines the implementation of substantive gender equality legislation and policies

Publication date: 25 March 2021. Topics

Survey on perception of Roma on discrimination

Positive policy of Ministry of Education in an attempt to ensure equality of opportunities for disadvantaged Muslim minority

Facilitation of persons with disabilities to have equal access to their social and economic activity

Danish law prohibiting discrimination due to disability does not involve an obligation to provide reasonable accommodation outside the labour market area

Publication date: 25 March 2021. Topics

Equal pay certification system an illusion

Publication date: 10 March 2021. Topics

Facilitation of persons with disabilities to have equal access to their social and economic activity

Danish law prohibiting discrimination due to disability does not involve an obligation to provide reasonable accommodation outside the labour market area

Publication date: 10 March 2021. Topics

Compulsory paternity leave – allocation of Funds supporting female entrepreneurship, women’s participation in the labour market, conciliation between private and working life and anti gender violence centres

No promotion due to absence on maternity leave

Maternity supplements to Social Security pensions

Publication date: 4 March 2021. Topics

The European Committee of Social Rights published its decision in the International Federation of Human Rights Leagues (FIDH) and Inclusion Europe v. Belgium case and found that Belgium does not comply with the obligations under Articles 15 and 17 of the Revised European Social Charter

Publication date: 4 March 2021. Topics

The scope of this Bill is to incorporate all legislation dealing with equality in order to ensure legal certainty and elevate the principle of equality to a right in itself, making it applicable to all spheres of life. The Bill also implements the Twelfth Protocol to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms into national law

Upcoming report on ethnic and racial non-discrimination

Home

Welcome!

In order to effectively promote equality and tackle discrimination in the European Union it is important to understand the effects of the EU's equal treatment and non-discrimination legislation.

The European Commission therefore set up the former network of legal experts in gender equality and the network on non-discrimination to support its work by providing independent information and advice on relevant developments in the Member States. The two networks were merged in December 2014 and are now jointly managed by Human European Consultancy, the Migration Policy Group (MPG) and Utrecht University (UU) on behalf of the European Commission.

A primary task of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination is to provide reliable, expert information to enable the Commission to fulfil their role as guardian of the treaties. The disclosure and gathering of information on gender equality and non-discrimination legislation, case law and developments at national level, that is often not easily accessible due to the specificities of national legal systems, language barriers and difficulties in finding relevant information, is therefore one of the key goals of the new network.

The dissemination of general information about the acquis (communautaire and national), the latest developments at the EU level and in the countries involved in the network, remains a vital issue both for the further implementation of gender equality and non-discrimination law and its further development. Only upon the basis of the disclosure of gender equality and non-discrimination problems persisting in the Member States and other countries involved in the network, will it be possible to develop sound policies and legal rules for remedying these.

On this website the network publishes information on developments in gender equality and non-discrimination law at the Member State and European level. More information can be found via our legal developments page and the individual country pages.

Go to the website of Utrecht University
Go to the website of the Migration Policy Group

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