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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

Thematic reports

The European Social Pillar includes the principles of gender equality and work-life balance. Referring to these principles the European Commission adopted in 2017 a proposal for a Directive and a Communication to support work-life balance for working parents and carers, strengthening and expanding several legislative measures regarding parental leave and flexible work arrangements. In the context of this new Commission initiative, this study aims to provide information on the enforcement of the protection against dismissal, discrimination and unfavourable treatment of pregnant workers and workers exercising their right to take family leave, including issues of compensation, reparation and sanctions, as well as the role of national equality bodies, in the 28 Member States and three EEA countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. It reviews the enforcement and potential obstacles/hindrances in practice of the rights relating to the protection against discrimination, unfavourable treatment and dismissal, highlighting the main experiences in Member States with such enforcement by judicial (courts) and equality bodies.

Rikki Holtmaat (March 2006)

Date: 2 March 2006. Topics

Rikki Holtmaat (mars 2006)

Date: 2 March 2006. Topics

Rikki Holtmaat (März 2006)

Date: 2 March 2006. Topics

Christa Tobler (June 2005)

Date: 14 June 2005. Topics

Colm O'Cinneide (April 2005)

Date: 5 April 2005. Topics

Olivier De Schutter (February 2005)

Date: 8 February 2005. Topics

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