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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

Thematic reports

The European Social Pillar includes the principles of gender equality and work-life balance. Referring to these principles the European Commission adopted in 2017 a proposal for a Directive and a Communication to support work-life balance for working parents and carers, strengthening and expanding several legislative measures regarding parental leave and flexible work arrangements. In the context of this new Commission initiative, this study aims to provide information on the enforcement of the protection against dismissal, discrimination and unfavourable treatment of pregnant workers and workers exercising their right to take family leave, including issues of compensation, reparation and sanctions, as well as the role of national equality bodies, in the 28 Member States and three EEA countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. It reviews the enforcement and potential obstacles/hindrances in practice of the rights relating to the protection against discrimination, unfavourable treatment and dismissal, highlighting the main experiences in Member States with such enforcement by judicial (courts) and equality bodies.

Ann Numhauser-Henning and Sylvaine Laulom (November 2011)

Date: 11 November 2011. Topics

Susanne Burri and Hanneke van Eijken (Update August 2011)

Date: 1 August 2011. Topics

Declan O'Dempsey and Anna Beale, supervised by Mark Freedland (July 2011)

Date: 13 July 2011. Topics

Gender Quotas and Other Positive Action (December June 2011)

Date: 14 June 2011. Topics

Silvan Agius and Christa Tobler, supervised by Migration Policy Group (June 2011)

Simonetta Renga, Dora Molnar-Hidassy and Genoveva Tisheva (December 2010)

Date: 1 December 2010. Topics

Petra Foubert, Susanne Burri and Ann Numhauser-Henning (October 2010)

Date: 1 October 2010. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia and Isabelle Rorive (February 2010)

Date: 4 February 2010. Topics

Emmanuelle Bribosia et Isabelle Rorive (février 2010)

Date: 4 February 2010. Topics

Sandra Fredman (December 2009)

Date: 2 December 2009. Topics

Christopher McCrudden and Sacha Prechal (November 2009)

Date: 1 November 2009. Topics

Olivier de Schutter (July 2009)

Date: 7 July 2009. Topics

Olivier de Schutter (juillet 2009)

Date: 7 July 2009. Topics

Lisa Waddington and Anna Lawson (July 2009)

Date: 7 July 2009. Topics

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Go to the website of the Migration Policy Group

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