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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

Legal developments

New Danish Act requires individuals to shake hands with a Danish official to obtain citizenship

The independent mechanism for the implementation of the CRPD delivers two conflicting decisions on complaints for disability discrimination in education

Date: 21 December 2018. Topics

Rejection of applicant wearing a headscarf

Government proposal to reform the article of the Spanish Constitution, regarding the rights of persons with disabilities

Project of a general reform of antidiscrimination legislation in Spain and the creation of an independent “Authority for equal treatment and non-discrimination”

The judgment of the National Court of 19 November 2018 annulled the statutes of a sex workers’ union arguing that prostitution cannot be considered a job and that, therefore, whoever exercises it cannot rely on the freedom of association to create a union

Date: 21 December 2018. Topics

Positive Discrimination

Date: 21 December 2018. Topics

Denial of reasonable accommodation in nursery school for a pupil with Down's Syndrome

Date: 5 December 2018. Topics

Law No. 60/2018 of 21 August 2018 for the promotion of equal pay of men and women

Code of Practice for the prevention of sexual harassment and harassment in employment & Code of Practice for combating of sexual harassment and harassment in employment in public sector

Date: 13 November 2018. Topics

Improving the coordination between the right to leave for the care of disabled people and the right to compulsory maternity leave

Date: 13 November 2018. Topics

Draft law amending the Gender Equality Act and related legal acts

Legality of the decision to remove alternative meals in school on the ground of secularity of the public service

Risk of shutting down of NGOs providing services to vulnerable groups due to restrictive anti-money laundering provisions

Court finds that Courts in the Republic of Cyprus have no jurisdiction to try disputes between members of the Turkish Community

Law of 10 August 2018 opens the gender marker change process by a declaration of intimate and stable conviction

Publication of manuals for politicians, judges, and local and regional gender equality commissions in the field of gender mainstreaming and promotion of gender equality

Date: 8 November 2018. Topics

The new law on higher education provides that female and male scientists are subjected to general provisions on the differentiation of retirement age, meaning that women shall retire at the age of 60, while men retire at the age of 65.

Preparation of the new National Gender Equality Policy

Date: 8 November 2018. Topics

Different levels of benefit for maternity and adoption leave

Law 6/2018, of 3 July 2018 (Final Disposition 38) has extended the paternity leave from four weeks to five weeks and has allowed the possibility to take the paternity leave in two parts.

New bills to prevent and dismantle ghettos and parallel societies in Denmark

Royal Decree 950/2018, of 27 July 2018, has applied the judgment of the CJEU of 9 November 2017, C-98/15 (Espadas Recio Case) and has, accordingly, modified the social security legislation so part-time workers have the right to the unemployment benefit taking into consideration the days that they have contributed to the social security system, and not only the days that they have effectively worked.

Fixed-term contracts for the young unemployed

Indirect discrimination / Obligations of public prosecutor offices when assessing discriminatory impact of municipal binding regulations

On 30 August, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination published Concluding Observations on the combined report by Latvia. The observations pay special attention to the collection of statistics, NHRI, anti-discrimination legislation and its enforcement, hate crimes and hate speech, access to justice, non-citizens and the situation of Roma

2017 Annual Report of the Ombudsperson for Gender Equality discussed and approved in the Croatian Parliament

Date: 28 September 2018. Topics

Unclear impact of the changes on equal treatment of men and women in social security

Date: 28 September 2018. Topics

Liechtenstein’s Administrative Court applied to the Constitutional Court for annulment of a legal provision in the granting of a residence permit to the de facto civil partner on the grounds that this provision violates the principle of constitutional equality and is not compatible with Article 8 ECHR in conjunction with the prohibition of discrimination under Article 14 ECHR

Adoption of legislation on equal treatment in the labour market irrespective of race, ethnic origin, religion/belief, disability, diminished work ability, age, sexual orientation and gender identity, biological gender characteristics and gender expression

Direct discrimination in recruitment

Date: 17 September 2018. Topics

Non-conformity of the decision of the plenary assembly of the Court of Cassation in relation to the dismissal of a child care director for wearing the Islamic veil to the International Covenant on Civil and political right

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