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European Equality Law Network

European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination

European equality law review 2016/2

Please download the latest European equality law review, issue 2016/2 here.

The second 2016 issue of the European Equality Law Review provides an overview of the latest legislative, policy, and case-law developments from 1 January to 30 June 2016 in the fields of non-discrimination and gender equality in the 35 countries that participate in the Network. The Law Review furthermore contains an overview of non-discrimination and gender equality case-law from the CJEU and the ECtHR within the same time-frame. It also contains four in-depth articles. In the field of gender equality law, Ulrike Lembke, the Network’s German gender equality expert, provides a conceptual analysis. Her article questions the use of sex and gender in EU law, and asks whether tackling sex discrimination actually promotes gender equality. Ivana Krstic, the Network’s Serbian expert for both gender equality and non-discrimination, analyses gender equality law in three candidate countries: the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. In the field of non-discrimination, Niall Crowley, consultant and former chief executive officer for the Irish equality body, provides an article examining the phenomenon of merging the mandates of equality bodies and of National Human Rights Institutions, examining the potential consequences of such mergers for non-discrimination and equality issues. The final article is authored by the Network’s non-discrimination experts for Hungary, Andras Kadar, and for Romania, Romaniţa Iordache, together with legal scholar Istvan Haller. It analyses the judicial approaches in Hungary and Romania to hate speech, from the perspective of non-discrimination law and beyond.


In order to effectively promote equality and tackle discrimination in the European Union it is important to understand the effects of the EU's equal treatment and non-discrimination legislation.

The European Commission therefore set up the former network of legal experts in gender equality and the network on non-discrimination to support its work by providing independent information and advice on relevant developments in the Member States. The two networks were merged in December 2014 and are now jointly managed by Human European Consultancy, the Migration Policy Group (MPG) and Utrecht University (UU) on behalf of the European Commission.

A primary task of the European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination is to provide reliable, expert information to enable the Commission to fulfil their role as guardian of the treaties. The disclosure and gathering of information on gender equality and non-discrimination legislation, case law and developments at national level, that is often not easily accessible due to the specificities of national legal systems, language barriers and difficulties in finding relevant information, is therefore one of the key goals of the new network.

The dissemination of general information about the acquis (communautaire and national), the latest developments at the EU level and in the countries involved in the network, remains a vital issue both for the further implementation of gender equality and non-discrimination law and its further development. Only upon the basis of the disclosure of gender equality and non-discrimination problems persisting in the Member States and other countries involved in the network, will it be possible to develop sound policies and legal rules for remedying these.

On this website the network publishes information on developments in gender equality and non-discrimination law at the Member State and European level. More information can be found via our legal developments page and the individual country pages.

Go to the website of Human European Consultancy
Go to the website of Utrecht University
Go to the website of the Migration Policy Group

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